Because oranges require a subtropical climate, 70% of the oranges grown in the United States are grown in Florida with California coming in second and Texas and Arizona bringing up the rear.
Second only to the total value of the grape crop, the orange is the second highest dollar value fruit crop in America and accounts for nearly 20% of all fruit revenues in this country.
Because all juices and fresh fruits in the U.S. are processed under the standards set up by the U.S. Department of Agriculture in order to maintain the standard of quality and efficiency, oranges are one of the most regulated commodities the framers of the United States produce.
Oranges are popular for their sweetness, taste and well-deserved reputation as a healthy food and juice. One glass of Orange Juice has all of the vitamin C the body needs for an entire day and the vitamin C also works as an antioxidant that fights free radicals that can damage healthy cells and increase the risk of diseases like cancer and heart disease.
Vitamin C can help boost the immune system and has been shown to reduce the frequency and duration of minor illnesses like colds, and it is also important to maintain healthy skin, teeth and gums. Oranges also contain other healthful nutrients like vitamin B9 and vitamin B6 along with potassium and magnesium too. Vitamin B9 is necessary for a healthy immune system and vitamin B6 helps organs make white blood cells and fight infections. The potassium and magnesium have been shown to lower blood pressure and reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke.
The orange (specifically, the sweet orange) is the fruit of the citrus species Citrus × sinensis in the family Rutaceae. The fruit of the Citrus × sinensis is considered a sweet orange, whereas the fruit of the Citrus × aurantium is considered a bitter orange.
The orange is a hybrid, between pomelo (Citrus maxima) and mandarin (Citrus reticulata). It has genes that are ~25% pomelo and ~75% mandarin; however, it is not a simple backcrossed BC1 hybrid, but hybridized over multiple generations. The chloroplast genes, and therefore the maternal line, seem to be pomelo.
The sweet orange has had its full genome sequenced,. Earlier estimates of the percentage of pomelo genes varying from ~50% to 6% have been reported.
The sweet orange reproduces asexually (apomixis through nucellar embryony); varieties of sweet orange arise through mutations.
Sweet oranges were mentioned in Chinese literature in 314 BC. As of 1987, orange trees were found to be the most cultivated fruit tree in the world. Orange trees are widely grown in tropical and subtropical climates for their sweet fruit. The fruit of the orange tree can be eaten fresh, or processed for its juice or fragrant peel. As of 2012, sweet oranges accounted for approximately 70% of citrus production. In 2010, 68.3 million metric tons of oranges were grown worldwide, production being particularly prevalent in Brazil, Florida and California.
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Porterville, CA 93257